To promote the deep sea area resources exploration and development

Release time:2016/3/16 14:22:30

On February 26, 19 of the 12th session of the standing committee of the National Peoples Congress meeting examined and approved the "deep in the bottom of the sea area resources exploration KaiFaFa (hereinafter referred to as the act of deep sea). This marked the our country international seabed area resources exploration and development has entered a new stage. The deep-sea act as special specification our international seabed area resources exploration and development activities of the law, the law will ensure that our country international seabed area activities the contractor positive exploration contract obligations, strongly promote deep research level and the exploration, development ability, promote the healthy and sustainable development of the deep sea in China.

The deep sea law will promote the development of resources exploration and development by leaps and bounds

In 1984, our country identified 1990 years ago, apply to the United Nations international seabed polymetallic nodules mining area of strategic objectives. In 1990, China ocean mineral resources research and development association, as a cross-industry, inter-departmental coordination platform, organize domestic advantage units involved in international waters. Since 1990, China has launched more than 40 ocean sea voyage survey, respondents from a single metal resources development for metal TB, metal sulfides, rich cobalt crust, rare earth and other resources, homework waters to three oceans expand from the Pacific Ocean. In 2000, our country established "sustained deep-sea exploration, develop the deep sea technology, deep industry should be timely established" work guidelines. In 2001, our country and the international seabed authority the polymetallic nodules exploration contracts, in the northeast Pacific area of 7.5 square kilometers of polymetallic nodules exploration contract area; In 2011 and the international seabed authority to sign first ocean polymetallic sulfide exploration contract, won the area in the southwest Indian for 1 square kilometers of polymetallic sulfide exploration contract area; In 2014 with the international seabed authority the rich cobalt crust exploration contracts, in the Pacific northwest "Magellan" sea mountain "in eu" and "qi" seamounts obtained covers an area of 3000 square kilometers of rich cobalt crust exploration contract area. Thus our country become the worlds first with polymetallic nodules, polymetallic sulfide and rich cobalt crust three resources exploration contract area of the country. In 2015 the international seabed authority approved the China minmetals group co., LTD. Of the eastern Pacific Ocean polymetallic nodules resources exploration and field application, it is also a developing country in the name of the enterprise to obtain the first piece of the mining area.

On the occasion of the international seabed area resources exploration and development activities flourish, the law of the deep sea is the appropriate time. The deep sea act has been clear about the "deep bottom of the sea area resources exploration and development activities should adhere to the peaceful use of, cooperation, sharing, protect the environment, the principle of common human interests", through the establishment of this principle, clearly China citizens, legal persons or other organizations within the "zone" activities of the code of conduct, also to show our responsible attitude to the international community. China will safeguard regional resources exploration and development activities in the ocean bed of the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons or other organizations in our country, promote the scientific research level and the exploration, development ability, promote the scientific, reasonable, safe and orderly development.

China minmetals group in 2015 to become the new international seabed area exploration and the contractor in the contract, the body of the country to participate in the activities of international seabed will gradually tend to be diversified, how to effectively manage the activities subject has become a new proposition of ocean in our country work. Will be conducive to the deep sea act of deep sea area resources exploration, development activities, the reasonable control of the different departments, different survey ship coordinate specification, integration of resources and talents, to better fulfill international obligations, to ensure the rights and interests of our country in the international seabed area.

The deep-sea law will promote the ability of the deep sea science and technology

China services international seabed area of ocean-going vessel has a development to the present from the past more than, 2015 ~ 2016 for two consecutive year, at the same time there are two research ship in the southwest Indian Ocean polymetallic sulfide contract area for exploration. Vessel, also by a single national investment and private capital to the marriage. In December 2015, the state oceanic administration the second institute of Marine and zhejiang tai shipping co., LTD. Jointly built by the open ocean ship "xiangyang red 10" maiden voyage, this is the first time in our country have a private nature of the vessel, into the countries in the bottom of the sea area resources exploration, is expected there will be more companies continue to invest in the future. At the same time, the seabed exploration technology and equipment have made substantial progress, from the beginning of the simple introduction to simple generic sampling equipment, independent research and development to "15" eleventh five-year plan "of TV grab, deep-sea drilling rig, underwater TV camera and become the main survey equipment to sampler, and through the establishment of deep sea resources three-dimensional detection system integration system;" During the 11th five-year plan ", "twelfth five-year" is to vigorously develop the underwater robot, electric detector, in deep hole coring drill, deep multi-beam system and the bathymetric sidescan system such as advanced technology and equipment. In recent years, with the jiaolong manned, accused of "dragon" no cable, and no one without a "hidden dragon one cable such as deep-sea submersibles as a representative survey equipment and technical system, and began to gradually become main force of ocean investigation. The deep investigation and equipment localization rate gradually increase, and the systematic development of deep-sea equipment and gradually forming ability, ocean survey voyage efficiency greatly increased.

International seabed resources exploration and development has high technical requirements, large investment, long cycle, high risk and earnings uncertainty. The deep sea science and technology research level and resources exploration, development capability compared with the developed countries, there is still a large gap. The deep sea law is beneficial to integration of various resources, support the deep public platform construction and operation, to establish a deep public platform sharing cooperation mechanism, for the study of the deep sea science and technology, resource investigation and other activities to provide ship, equipment support and professional service, promote the scientific research level and ability of the exploration and development. At the same time the deep-sea act encourages enterprises to actively participate in the deep sea science and technology research, technology and equipment research and development and related industry development. Enterprises to join, will push the development of related technologies and the industrialization process, is advantageous to the layout resource development technology reserve in advance. Combination of scientific research institutes, universities and enterprises, covering the whole industry chain, is bound to vigorously promote and promote the long-term development of the deep sea science and technology level of our country.

The deep sea law will promote the standardization of the deep sea environmental protection

Discussed the deep sea act of the ocean bed regional resources exploration and development of environmental protection make that clear, puts forward the specific requirements for deep sea environmental protection, for further detailed rules, better environmental protection measures are proposed to provide the basis. In accordance with the act of deep-sea exploration developers first to investigate the area of exploration and development of the Marine environment, understand the regional situation, determine the environmental baseline, influence on the behavior of exploration and development for regional evaluation, prediction, on the basis of formulating monitoring programme, pollution prevention and control countermeasures and measures are put forward. "Specified in article 14 of the contractor is engaged in the exploration and development activities should take necessary measures to protect and preserve rare or fragile ecosystems, as well as failure, threatened or endangered species and other Marine creatures living environment, protect the Marine biodiversity, to maintain sustainable use of Marine resources", not only standardizes the Chinese deep sea area resources exploration and development of the contractor on the ocean bed regional ecosystem and biodiversity protection and sustainable use of regional resources, promote the ocean bed is reflected in China and the world countries to jointly promote the peaceful use of deep ocean area ecological environment protection and resources of the confidence and determination, shows that China has always attached great importance to international commitments and obligations, and reveals the image of a responsible big country.

The act of deep sea will promote deep sea the cultivation of the talent team

The ocean research team development by the first few units at home and abroad to jointly advantage of Marine research and scientific research institutes, universities and enterprises comprehensive exploration and research team. Will support the deep-sea act deep sea science and technology research and professional talent training, the deep sea science and technology in the priority areas of science and technology development, encourage the cooperation with related industry research, encourages units and individuals through open scientific research ship, laboratories, showrooms, and other venues, facilities and workshops and provide consultation and so on a variety of ways to carry out the deep sea science popularization activity. The implementation of these policies will promote the growth and expansion of the relevant personnel, to attract more young people join into the deep sea science and technology research, breed high level technology research in the field of international talent.