"Chinas energy" lead the world energy transformation

Release time:2017/2/18 22:03:28

If you are a green travel fans, since late last year, you will find that the bike has quietly increased solar panels basked, to the body of the electronic system to provide the inexhaustible green power flow; If you are an often through beijing-tibet expressway driver, you will find that the road is no longer under the heavens of coal trucks, trucks carrying white fan more and more. After years of development, renewable energy and embrace our production and life, and become a new "China card".
Released a few days ago, our countrys renewable energy development "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning", "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" clearly in the field of renewable energy in China during the period of the new investment will reach 2.5 trillion yuan, nearly 39% higher than "twelfth five-year" period, again caused by the international community. , experts say, under the trend of the international energy change, rely on renewable energy vigorously investment, China will not only continue to improve its energy security, ease the increasingly severe environmental problems, will also play a more important role in the world energy market.
Renewable energy into the incremental "mainstay"
"Planning" is put forward, by 2020, new investment about 500 billion yuan of water and electricity, new wind power installed about 80 million kw, new investment about 700 billion yuan, all kinds of solar power installed new investment about 1 trillion yuan. And biomass power generation, solar water heater, gas, geothermal energy utilization, etc., during the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" renewable energy new investment about 2.5 trillion yuan.
Under the stimulus of huge investment, Chinas renewable energy industry will achieve a new leap forward. According to forecast, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, Chinas renewable energy power generation capacity grew by an average of 42.5 million kilowatts, including conventional about 8 million kilowatts, pumped storage hydropower about 3.5 million kw, 16 million kw or more wind power, photovoltaic, solar thermal power generation 12 million kw or more about 1 million kw, about 1 million kilowatts, biomass power generation accounts for about "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" average about half of new power scale.
In addition, the solar energy water heater using scale grew by an average of 072 million square meters; Geothermal energy utilization scale grew by an average of about 7.1 million tons of standard coal; Biological liquid fuel use scale grew by an average of about 600000 tons of standard coal.
"Renewable energy is the main non-fossil energy in China, is also Chinas future energy transformation is important rely on." National energy bureau deputy director Li Angzhe told reporters, the economic daily. Can be seen from the figures, renewable energy will be integral to realize rapid development in "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, and would be "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" during the main part of Chinas energy and power increment. "Basically can ensure complete in 2020, 15% of fossil energy development targets, and implementation for 2030 non-fossil energy accounted for 20% of primary energy consumption ratio lay a solid foundation".
At present, the global energy transformation is to realize the basic trend of fossil energy system to a low-carbon energy system transformation, eventually into is given priority to with renewable energy era of sustainable energy. Many countries will be renewable energy as strategic commanding elevation of a new generation of energy technology and the economic development of important new field, invest a lot of money to support development of renewable energy technology research and development and industry.
In fact, China has become the worlds energy transformation important leaders. Development of national energy bureau deputy director general of department of fu-long li said, "twelfth five-year" period, Chinas renewable energy industry began to full scale development, into a wide range of incremental replacement and regional stock replacement stage of development. Along with the development and utilization of scale expands gradually, our country has gradually from a big renewable energy use of renewable energy technology industrial powers.
The reporter understands, at present our country has a mature large hydropower design, construction and management operation ability, and independent production operation of the capacity of 800000 kilowatts of Francis turbine generator set. Wind power technology level improved significantly, the key components, basic components of 5 mw and 6 mw large-scale wind power equipment has been commissioning. Photovoltaic battery technology innovation ability, create the crystal silicon battery technology such as the world record for the conversion efficiency. Photovoltaic module production reached to about 70% of global output, technological progress and the production scale to make "twelfth five-year" period photovoltaic modules prices fell more than 60%.
Will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 1.4 billion tons
Black smokers less, more photovoltaic power stations, wind... This is people in the past year for energy change. Data can also be evidence that a positive change, from the primary energy consumption structure, non-fossil energy and natural gas consumption in 2016 increased by 1.3 and 0.4% respectively, clean energy consumption ratio is close to 20%, while the proportion of coal consumption by 1.7%. From the structure of energy production, non-fossil energy share from 14.5% in 2015 to 14.5%, the coal ratio is below 70%.
"Renewable energy development and utilization of alternative of fossil energy consumption and reduce greenhouse gases and pollutants, the environmental development play an important and positive role." Li Angzhe said, hydropower, wind power, solar power, solar energy heat utilization in the process of energy production does not discharge of pollutants and greenhouse gases, and can significantly reduce all kinds of fossil energy consumption, ecological destruction and reduce coal mining and coal water consumption. Agriculture and forestry biomass from growth to the final use of the full life cycle of no increase in carbon dioxide emissions, biomass power generation pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and soot emissions is far less than coal-fired power generation.
In 2020, in accordance with the relevant plan, Chinas renewable energy use over 730 million tons of standard coal, of which 580 million tons of standard coal commercialization of renewable energy use. In the renewable energy use is equivalent to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.4 billion tons, reduce sulfur dioxide emissions about 10 million tons, to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions about 4.3 million tons, reduce soot emissions about 5.8 million tons, save water about 3.8 billion cubic meters, the environmental benefit is remarkable.
In addition to improving the environment, the vast field of renewable energy industry, can be a powerful driving the development of relevant industries, can be a big increase in new jobs, and realize the crucial important measures out of poverty, and the macro economic development have a positive impact, but also the important driving force of realize the transformation of economic development patterns. Experts predict that in 2020, the national renewable energy sector employment more than 13 million, among them "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period of new employment of more than 3 million.
From the first to optimize development scale
Renewable energy in China after years of development, achieved remarkable, but also increasingly prominent problems and challenges. Therefore, aimed at different stages of the development of the variety of renewable energy as well as problems facing, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period are put forward some new development ideas.
"According to the change of the new situation, given consideration of resources and environment constraints, renewable energy and energy circulation costs, much starker choices-and graver consequences-in period made some adjustment on the energy development." Li Angzhe revealed, one is to optimize development layout, main is to transfer wind power, photovoltaic layout in the Middle East, the new wind power installed in central and eastern regions accounts for about 58%, the new solar power, the eastern region accounted for about 56%, and mainly distributed development, given on the spot. 2 it is to speed up the energy development, enhance the capacity of power system load.
Water and electricity in addition to continue focusing on the major rivers in southwest China, actively pushing large hydropower bases, in order to meet the needs of the power system load in valley and the requirements of the safe and stable operation, speed up the construction of pumped storage power station are put forward. During the period of "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in", Chinas new construction of pumped storage power station is about 60 million kw, will further promote the new energy power given ability.
Wind power project further transfer to meet given conditions. Development of national energy bureau deputy director general of department of He Yongjian said, "the plan" put forward the wind power development layout from is given priority to with the "three norths" to give priority to with Middle East, the transfer has three big good, first of all help reduce power large-scale long-distance transmission; The second is beneficial for the promotion of in situ given load center in China mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the strong ability of wind power given; The last is the difference in thermal power, wind power prices online in the central east area is smaller, the same subsidies can support more new energy development in central region.
Solar power for the development of center of gravity mainly reflected in strengthen distributed exploitation and promote technological progress. "In terms of scale of the construction of the photovoltaic (pv), is not the bigger the better, but to combine scale development and industrial technology progress." National energy administration of new energy and renewable energy department deputy director Liang Zhipeng believe that blindly expand the scale of construction not bring photovoltaic industry technology progress. A want a large-scale photovoltaic power station and the whole industry chain upstream technology progress, to provide advanced technology market, accelerate to reduce costs. Second, in the aspect of distributed photovoltaic, combined with perfect mechanism, electricity price reform, advancing market transactions, reduce transaction costs, so as to encourage all kinds of investors to participate fully in distributed photovoltaic investment construction.
来源:经济日报